Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has been asking the West for MiG-29 fighter jets, which were used during the Cold War and that Ukrainian Pilots were trained to use, to maintain control of the skies in his country as it remains under attack by Russia.
Zelensky’s other request for help establishing a no-fly zone over Ukraine has been rejected by the US and the Alliance, who view it as a move that would pit them directly against Russia. Russian President Vladimir Putin has also warned that they would consider countries imposing a no-fly zone “as participants in a military conflict.”
Over the weekend, the US said it was in discussions with Poland about a potential deal in which Poland would supply Ukraine with MiG-29 fighter jets that Ukraine has requested, and the US would then provide Poland with American F-16s.
The U.S. Defense Department rejected the proposal as not “Tenable” and considered it too risky.
“The prospect of fighter jets ‘at the disposal of the Government of the United States of America’ departing from a US / NATO base in Germany to fly into airspace that is disputed with Russia over Ukraine raises serious concerns for the entire NATO Alliance,” Pentagon press secretary John Kirby said in a statement later Tuesday.
US officials described the issue to CNN as two-fold: a logistics problem of getting the jets to Ukraine, and a political problem of avoiding escalation with Russia. US officials described the Polish plan as failing to adequately address both.
NATO members have expressed concerns that providing fighter jets to Ukraine – even if done bilaterally – could be perceived by Russia as the Alliance becoming directly involved in the war, NATO diplomats told CNN.
Poland, a NATO member and neighbor of Ukraine, has also been worried about the risks of sharing the fighter jets with Ukraine, as they don’t want to become a party to the conflict and escalate the situation along their border, Polish officials told CNN .
If Article 5 is invoked, the US and other NATO members would then be obliged to provide resources to protect a fellow NATO member and could find themselves directly involved in the Ukraine-Russia conflict.
US, Poland still discussing possible deal
After declining Poland’s proposal on Tuesday, the US said it continues to consult with Poland and other NATO allies about the issue of providing fighter jets to Ukraine, which senior administration officials told CNN remains a priority for the Biden administration.
American and Polish officials have held a “number of conversations” since the White House was caught off guard by Warsaw’s statement, a US administration official told CNN, adding that the relationship between the two countries remains strong despite the disagreement.
US officials also told CNN that they don’t believe the episode precludes reaching some type of agreement that would allow the jets to get to Ukraine.
As of now, though, there are no immediate apparent solutions for the US to facilitate the delivery of jets to Ukraine since rejecting Poland’s offer.
“I think what we’re seeing is that Poland’s proposal shows that there are some complexities that the issue presents when it comes to providing security systems. We have to make sure that we’re doing it the right way,” Secretary of State Antony Blinken told Reporters Wednesday at the State Department Headquarters.
The US has made it clear that sending jets to Ukraine is a “Sovereign decision” for Poland to make, but has been willing to help sort through the challenges.
Besides the political quagmire, there are logistical challenges with sending fighter jets to Ukraine for the US and NATO allies to still work out.
“Secretary Austin, Chairman Milley and members of our Defense Department are in touch with Ukrainian Counterparts, NATO Counterparts, discussing what are clearly logistical challenges here,” White House press secretary Psaki said on Wednesday.
Psaki cited some of the logistical and operational challenges: getting planes into Ukraine in a way that is not escalatory, potentially having to take the planes apart and putting them back together, and ensuring the planes’ safe movement amid a war.
She later called it a “serious logistical bottleneck,” saying that discussions on the matter are ongoing.
Open-ended questions include how the aircraft would actually be moved from Poland to Ukraine and the number of Ukrainian Pilots available, US Ambassador to NATO Julianne Smith told CNN’s Christiane Amanpour on Monday.
One idea floated initially was that Ukrainians would travel to Poland to retrieve the fighter jets and fly them back into Ukraine’s dangerous air space, which US officials say remains disputed.
Some of the countries appeared to have a willingness to consider this move before Poland offered to send their MiG-19s. As of Wednesday, US officials are not ruling out talks with those three other European nations as they seek a way to get the fighter jets to Ukraine.
CNN’s Oren Liebermann, Barbara Starr, Kylie Atwood, Ellie Kaufman, Kevin Liptak, Jeremy Diamond, Jennifer Hansler, Betsy Klein Paul LeBlanc contributed to this report.